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What is a Concussion?

A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).  It can occur after an impact to your head or body causing a whiplash-type injury that causes your head and brain to move quickly back and forth. A concussion can be considered a brain bruise resulting altered brain function, altered mental state, and can even cause a loss of consciousness. The effects of a concussion are usually temporary; 80% recover within 2-3 weeks, but some concussion symptoms can cause lingering symptoms and continued difficulty with daily activities. For patients with delayed recovery, > 2-3 weeks, medical attention and treatment are recommended.  

The 10 most common symptoms of a concussion:

(Lovell et al 2004)

SYMPTOM                            PREVALENCE

Headache                                   71%
Feeling Slowed Down                58%
Difficulty Concentrating             57%
Dizziness                                     55%
Fogginess                                   53%
Fatigue                                        50%
Visual Blurring/Double Vision     49%
Light Sensitivity                           47%
Memory Dysfunction                   43%
Balance Problems                        43%

Concussion rehabilitation and therapy can be very straightforward for most patients. However, concussion symptoms can also be very complex and challenging causing lingering difficulties and dysfunction. Each concussion patient has unique expressions and challenges from their concussion injury. Many patients with pre-existing symptoms can have additional difficulties and stronger symptoms presentations following a concussion (ie. Increased frequency and intensity of migraine headaches, increased motion sensitivity)  

Common Risk Factors for Concussion Symptom Presentation:
  • Previous Concussions
  • Migraine History
  • Learning Disabilities / Attention Deficit – Hyperactivity Disorder
  • Female Gender
  • Age
  • Motion Sensitivity
  • Ocular Dysfunction

Our comprehensive Concussion Therapy Program includes extensive evaluations, including neurocognitive testing, to develop a prognosis of your recovery and a progressive treatment plan individually tailored to each and every patient. Testing performed in our program will identify weaknesses and help shape each patient’s most beneficial treatment plan.  

Common CONCUSSION symptom AREAS:

  • Vestibular Symptoms (Dizziness/Balance)
  • Ocular - Visual Difficulties

  • Cognitive / Fatigue / Sleep Difficulties

  • Post-Traumatic Migraine Headaches
  • Cervical Spine - Neck Injuries
  • Anxiety / Mood




Our regionally-recognized Concussion Rehabilitation and Therapy Program is led by concussion management leaders who are ImPACT Trained Physical Therapist (ITPT) credentialed. This team of subject experts have devised concussion-focused rehabilitation protocols to provide a comprehensive approach to concussion care. Our comprehensive program has direct interaction and oversight by our Board-Certified Neurologist Dr. Sommer Ebdlahad. Our Neurologist will assist in providing proper conversations and documentation for careful reentry into schools and work environments. Additionally this program integrates critical data points from testing and evaluations to develop the most optimal and individualized treatment program. Our physical therapy concussion experts have extensive training to prescribe the latest research-based treatments for concussion patients who require treatment for their neck injuries, dizziness symptoms, balance difficulties, visual difficulties, and exercise intolerance challenges. 

In addition to providing post-concussion treatments, our concussion experts provide baseline neurocognitive testing prior to a concussion. Baseline testing is important for all patients so post-concussion test scores can be compared to their baseline testing to determine the severity of each patient’s concussion and their recovery potential.  

Call us at 703.709.1116 to schedule your appointment for concussion treatment, or schedule your baseline neurocognitive concussion test with Dr. Ebdlahad at 703.709.1114.